8. Auditors

8.1 Duration of mandate and term of office of the lead auditor

Ernst & Young Ltd, Berne, has acted as auditor of VP Bank since 1956 (in accordance with PCA5 ) and since 1994 as Group auditor of VP Bank Group. In addition, Ernst & Young Ltd performs the mandate as Banking-Law auditor pursuant to the Liechtenstein Banking Act (FL-BankA Art. 37 ff.). The function of the Auditor-in-Charge has been assumed by Mr. Philipp de Boer since 2018.

The auditing mandate for Ernst & Young AG, Berne, will end after the close of the 2019 financial year. For reasons of corporate governance and with a view to the introduction of a mandatory rotation principle, PricewaterhouseCoopers AG, Zurich, were appointed as Group and statutory auditors for the 2020 financial year following the proposal of the Board of Directors at the Annual General Meeting of 26 April 2019.


  1. Persons and Companies Act of the Principality of Liechtenstein.

8.2 Audit fee










8.3 Additional fees







of which audit-related srvices



of which legal services



of which other advisory services





When assigning additional tasks to the external auditors, the Bank ensures that these services are compatible with the activities of the external auditors and do not lead to conflicts of interest.


8.4 Supervisory and control instruments in relation to the external audit

The Audit Committee reviews the multi-year audit planning as well as the planned annual auditing activities and, in a specific agenda item, discusses these with the Auditor-in-Charge from the external auditing firm as well as the Head of Group Internal Audit. The Audit Committee attaches particular importance to a risk- oriented approach in the planning and conduct of the audit, as well as appropriate coordination of the auditing activities of the external auditors with those of Internal Audit.

All reports of the external auditors are reviewed at the meetings of the Audit Committee. In 2019, the external auditors were present at all meetings of the Audit Committee in which external audit-related items were on the agenda. In addition, the Auditor-in-Charge was in attendance at the Board of Director’s meeting to present and deal with the Banking-Law Auditors’ Report.

Each year, the Audit Committee assesses and evaluates the effectiveness and independence of the external auditors. In this process, it bases itself on documents generated by the external auditors, such as the Auditors’ Report prescribed under the Banking Act, management letters, as well as oral and written statements of position on individual issues and technical questions in connection with financial-statement reporting and the audit. Furthermore, a systematic annual assessment is made on the basis of checklists and fee comparisons within the auditing segment. Based on this evaluation, a motion is submitted to the Board of Directors for the attention of the Annual General Meeting as regards the election of the external auditors and Group auditors.